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February 13 2020


Caribbean sharks in need of large marine protected areas

Governments must provide larger spatial protections in the Greater Caribbean for threatened, highly migratory species such as sharks, is the call from a diverse group of marine scientists.

Tourists pose continued risks for disease transmission to endangered mountain gorillas

New research shows that humans place endangered mountain gorillas at risk of disease transmission during tourism encounters.

February 12 2020


One-third of plant and animal species could be gone in 50 years

Researchers studied recent extinctions from climate change to estimate the loss of plant and animal species by 2070. Their results suggest that as many as one in three species could face extinction unless warming is reduced.

How bird flocks with multiple species behave like K-pop groups

Peer into a forest canopy, and you will likely spot multiple bird species flying and feeding together. But are birds in these flocks cooperating with one another or competing? A new study suggests both.

February 11 2020


How some butterflies developed the ability to change their eyespot size

Biologists have new insight on how a butterfly species developed the ability to adjust its wing eyespot size in response to temperature.

February 10 2020


Chemists develop safer hydrogenation processes

Safe and environmentally-friendly hydrogen gas on demand could be on the horizon following a new 'hydrogenation' chemical process. The research uniquely bypasses the need for an external source of hydrogen gas to accomplish a wide range of hydrogenations.

Reimagining the link between space and species could boost wildlife conservation

Investigators offer a new method for ecologists to calculate the correlation between geographic space and the number of species inhabiting that space.

Global warming and extinction risk

How can fossils predict the consequences of climate change? A research team compared data from fossil and marine organisms living today to predict which groups of animals are most at risk from climate change.

New world map of fish genetic diversity

An international research team has studied genetic diversity among fish around the world for the first time. Their research produced a map that will serve as a tool in improving the protection of species and genetic diversity in the future. 

February 05 2020


Asian hornet invasion spreads to Northern Germany

Known to prey on many insects, including honey bees and other beneficiary species, the Asian hornet, which had recently invaded parts of Europe, presents a serious threat to apiculture and even to ecosystems. Scientists now share concerns about this fast invader spreading to the north. In early September 2019, a single specimen was collected alive in Hamburg (Germany), representing the northernmost find of the species so far.

February 03 2020


Extinction is difficult to prove for Earth's ultra-rare species

A recent study has called for an increase in scientific surveys and collection of specimens to confirm the extinction of ultra-rare species. A conservation scientist concluded that there is currently insufficient scientific surveys to determine whether many of the Earth's rarest species, those known only from a single specimen, still exist.

January 31 2020


DNA extracted in museum samples can reveal genetic secrets

DNA proteins extracted using a vortex fluidic device (VFD) could help answer important questions about extinct and ancient museum specimens.

January 29 2020


The health of foundation species promotes the stability of the ecosystems that depend on them

Anyone who's read 'The Lorax' will recognize that certain species serve as the foundation of their ecosystems. When the truffula trees disappear, so to do the swomee-swans and bar-ba-loots. However, the same is not necessarily true the other way around.

Molecule modification could improve reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel

The reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel could become safer and more efficient in future after researchers found a way to modify the structure of molecules to remove radioactive materials.

January 28 2020


Second of its kind 'sharpshooter' leafhopper from Brazil 'strikes' with its coloration

When, in 2014, Brazilian researchers stumbled across a red-eyed leafhopper feeding inside bromeliads, growing in the restingas of southeastern Brazil, they were certain it was a one-of-a-kind discovery. Several years later, however, fieldwork in a mountainous area in the region ended up with the description of the second known case of a bromelicolous leafhopper. Thanks to its striking coloration, the new sharpshooter appeared even more spectacular.

January 27 2020


19th-century bee cells in a Panamanian cathedral shed light on human impact on ecosystems

About 120 clusters of 19th-century orchid bee nests were found during restoration work on the altarpiece of Basilica Cathedral in Casco Viejo (Panamá). Having conducted the first pollen analysis for these extremely secretive insects, the researchers identified the presence of 48 plant species, representing 23 families. The findings give a precious insight into the role of natural ecosystems, their component species and the human impact on them.

January 23 2020


Acetone plus light creates a green jet fuel additive

Take biomass-derived acetone -- common nail polish remover -- use light to upgrade it to higher-mass hydrocarbons, and, voila, you have a domestically generated product that can be blended with conventional jet fuel to fly while providing environmental benefits, creating domestic jobs, securing the nation's global leadership in bioenergy technologies, and improving U.S. energy security.

January 21 2020


New species of antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in infected wound

A hitherto unknown antibiotic-resistant bacteria species, in the same family as E. coli and Salmonella spp., has been found and classified in Sweden. The proposed taxonomic name of the species -- the first of the new genus -- is Scandinavium goeteborgense, after the city of Gothenburg, Sweden, where the bacterium was isolated and the research was done.

Walking sharks discovered in the tropics

Four new species of tropical sharks that use their fins to walk are causing a stir in waters off northern Australia and New Guinea.

A chronicle of giant straight-tusked elephants

About 800,000 years ago, the giant straight-tusked elephant Palaeoloxodon migrated out of Africa and became widespread across Europe and Asia.
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